The Council accepts common strategies by unanimous vote and other decisions by qualified-majority vote. The Commission or a Member State can submit Common Foreign and Security Policy proposals.
The intergovernmental character of the second pillar is expressed in the fact that, in the case of unanimous votes, Member States that abstain from voting are not obliged to implement the decision (23 EU).
Parliament plays a small role in the second pillar. The president of the Council only needs to consult Parliament on the most important aspects of the Common Foreign and Security Policy and must then see to it that the views of Parliament are adequately taken into account (21 EU).
The Court has no judicial powers within the second pillar.