Committee of the Regions
0 On DEsite
1 General
2 Pillar structure
3 Bodies
  • European Parliament
  • Council
  • The Commission
  • The Court of Justice
  • Court of Auditors 
  • Economic and Social Committee
  • Committee of the Regions
  • Central Bank
  • Coreper
  • Miscellaneous
  • 4 Decision-making
    5 Lobby groups
    6 Case histories
    7 Information and publications

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    The Committee of the Regions is a consultative body established on the basis of the Maastricht Treaty (Articles 263-265 EC).


    The Committee of the Regions consists of 222 representatives of local and regional governments. Art. 263 EC stipulates how many members are to be provided by each of the Member States. On the recommendation of the Member States, the Council unanimously appoints them for a four-year period. The Committee elects its chairman and officers from among its members.

    In anticipation of the Union's enlargement, the number of members of the Committee is limited to 350. In accordance with the Treaty of Nice, and due to the voter's political mandate, the members of the Committee must remain affiliated with the regional and local governments they represent.

    Tasks and internal decision-making

    The Committee of the Regions handles the affairs of local and regional governments. In certain cases, the Council and the Commission are obliged, when taking a decision, to ask the opinion of the Committee of the Regions. The Council, the Commission, or the Parliament can also ask the body´s opinion of their own accord. In addition, the Committee has the right to issue recommendations on its own initiative. These recommendations mainly concern policy areas that traditionally fall under the authority of local or regional governments, such as culture and education.

    The Committee meets in plenary assembly and decides on its recommendations by a simple majority. These are sent to the institutions and published in the Official Journal of the EU.


    The most important publications of the Committee of the Regions are its opinions. Six commissions prepare these. The texts of the opinions are published in the Official Journal, Series C and in stencilled form. The opinions since 1994 also can be found under the heading Documents on the Internet site of the Committee.

    Via the database TOAD (Transfer Of Administrative Documents), work documents and other documents can be retrieved related to the Committee´s activities.

    Recent information about activities and policy can be found under Press on the Internet site