General
Member States
0 On DEsite
1 General
  • History
  • Member States
  • Treaties
  • 2 Pillar structure
    3 Bodies
    4 Decision-making
    5 Lobby groups
    6 Case histories
    7 Information and publications

    At present, the fifteen Member States of the European Union are:

    • Austria (1995)
    • Belgium (1952)
    • Denmark (1973)
    • Finland (1995)
    • France (1952)
    • Germany (1952)
    • Greece (1981)
    • Ireland (1973)
    • Italy (1952)
    • Luxembourg (1952)
    • The Netherlands (1952)
    • Portugal (1986)
    • Spain (1986)
    • Sweden (1995)
    • United Kingdom (1973)

    Map EU

    Applications for membership:

    • Norway (1962, 1967, 1992)
      In 1972, Norway agreed to entry conditions after negotiations. In the Norse referendum, however, 53.9% voted against entry. In 1994, 52.3% of Norwegians voted against entry.
    • Turkey (1987)
      Turkey´s application for membership is problematic as a consequence of its difficult relations with Greece, violations of human rights, and the inadequate protection of minorities. Nonetheless, a customs union with the EU is in place and the Turkish economy shows the characteristics of a market economy. In 1999, Greece announced that it was in favour of Turkey´s entry.
    • Cyprus (1990)
      The conflict between Greece and Turkey about the partition of this island makes entry a complicated matter. In addition, the size of the island makes it difficult, also in a financial sense, for Cyprus to participate in the Union´s institutions.
    • Malta (1990)
      The size of the island makes it difficult, also in a financial sense, to participate in the Union´s institutions. In addition, the economy of the island needs to be reformed.
    • Switzerland (1992)
      In a referendum, the Swiss voted against joining the European Economic Union. This caused the entry application to be frozen.
    • Hungary (1994)
    • Poland (1994)
    • Romania (1995)
    • Slovakia Republic (1995)
    • Czech Republic (1995)
    • Latvia (1995)
    • Estonia (1995)
    • Lithuania (1995)
    • Bulgaria (1995)
    • Slovenia (1996)